Head of Lohan




Song dynasty (宋朝), 960-1279 AD

Height 11-1/2 in (15 in on base)


After the arrival of Buddhism in China, Chinese sculpture became synonymous with Buddhist sculpture. Chinese Buddhist sculpture was based upon a set of beliefs that were well defined and served a religious purpose comparable to that of the Indian art from which it was inspired. This head of Lohan rendered in sandstone reflects the level of development in form of Buddhist sculpture achieved by Song period artists. The Lohan’s eyes, under lightly arched eyebrows, are cast downward. The pendulous ears and enlarged knob on the head complete the signifiers of a Lohan figure. Song dynasty artists placed an emphasis on a natural and lifelike depiction of the human subject matter. Art historians speculate that such realistic sculptures may have reproduced the actual facial features of famous living monks of the era. In our opinion, the subject matter, workmanship and physical condition of this Lohan make it an outstanding example of Song period sculpture.



Reference Number 2469

Price Available Upon Request


Condition: Minor repairs to ears and other areas of the head, as usual.


See a related depiction of a Lohan in a figure from Longmen caves, Luoyang, Henan Province illustrated in Chinese Architecture, Lawrence G. Liu, New York: Rizzoli, 1989. Page 84.


See the discussion of sculpture under the Sui to Song dynasties in Chinese Art, Vol. I, by Daisy Lion-Goldschmidt and Jean-Claude Moreau-Gobard, Rizzoli: New York, 1980, pp. 139-145.


To inquire about this work of art, contact us at 415.299.1600 or email at sbernsteinjade@aol.com